1. Duvivier EH, Pollack Jr CV. Seizures. In: Marx, JA, ed. Rosen’s Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2009:chap 100.
2. French JA, Pedley TA. Clinical practice. Initial management of epilepsy. N Engl J Med. 2008;359(2):166-176.
3. Kornblau DH, Conway Jr EE, Caplen SM. Neurologic Disorders. In: Marx JA, ed. Rosen’s Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Mosby Elsevier; 2009:chap 173.
4. Krumholz A, Wiebe S, Gronseth G, et al. Practice parameter: evaluating an apparent unprovoked first seizure in adults (an evidence-based review): report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology and the American Epilepsy Society. Neurology. 2007;69:1991-2007.
5. Schachter SC. Seizure disorders. Med Clin North Am. 2009;93(2):343-351.
6. Trescher WH, Lesser RP. The Epilepsies. In: Bradley WG, Daroff RB, Fenichel GM, Jakovic J, eds. Neurology in Clinical Practice. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa; Butterworth-Heinemann; 2008:chap 71.
7. Walker SP, Permezel M, Berkovic SF. The management of epilepsy in pregnancy. BJOG. 2009;116(6):758-67.
8. Harden CL, Hopp J, Ting TY, et al. Practice parameter update: management issues for women with epilepsy –focus on pregnancy (an evidence-based review). Neurology 2009;73:126.
9. Abou-Khalil BW, Gallagher MJ, Macdonald RL. Epilepsies. In: Daroff RB, Fenichel GM, Jankovic J, Mazziotta JC, eds. Bradley’s Neurology in Clinical Practice. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2012:chap 67.
10. Bodde NMG, Brooks JL, Baker GA, et al. Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures—diagnostic issues: a critical review. Clin Neuro Neurosurg. 2009;111:1-9.
11. Epilepsy Foundation. Diagnostic methods and tools. http://www.epilepsyfoundation.org. Accessed September 15, 2013.
12. Epilepsy Foundation. Surgery. http://www.epilepsy.com. Accessed September 16, 2013.
13. Quinones-Hinojosa A. Chapter 109 – temporal lobe operations in intractable epilepsy. In: Sheth SA, Mian MK, Eskandar EN, Cosgrove GR, eds. Schmidek and Sweet’s Operative Neurosurgical Techniques (Sixth Edition). Philadelphia,Pa: W.B. Saunders; 2012:1265-1272.
14. Beier AD, Rutka JT. Hemispherectomy: historical review and recent technical advances. Neurosurg Focus. 2013;34(6):E11.
15. Vega RA, Buscher MG, Gonzalez MS, Tye GW. Sonographic localization of a nonpalpable shunt: ultrasound-assisted ventricular shunt tap. Surg Neurol Int. 2013;4(1):101

16. Epilepsy Foundation. http://www.epilepsyfoundation.org/aboutepilepsy/treatment/ketogenicdiet. Accessed September 16, 2013