Craniofacial surgery is a subspecialty that involves the reconstructive treatment of disorders of the face and skull, such as congenital anomalies and post-traumatic injuries.
Craniofacial surgery is performed by highly trained surgeons who are supported by a highly skilled team of healthcare professionals. The team approach includes the integration of other specialists into the craniofacial team. In addition to neurosurgeons and plastic surgeons, these specialists include ophthalmologists, otolaryngologists, oral surgeons, orthodontics, geneticists and pediatric intensivists, among others.
A normal skull consists of several plates of bone that are separated by loose connections called sutures. This loosely connected bone permits the young skull to grow in concert with the maturing brain. Craniosynostosis is an abnormality that causes one or more sutures on a baby’s head to close earlier than normal. Craniosynostosis leads to a restriction in the growth of the skull which can cause unusual head shape, unusual facial features and in rare cases, damage to the brain due to increased pressure inside the skull.