Spine Disorders, Diseases & Deformities

Treatment for Spine Disorders, Disorders & Deformities

Understanding Spine Disorders, Deformities & Diseases

Neurosurgical spine care at Advanced Neurosurgery Associates (ANA) focuses on all types of back, neck, spine, and spine-related disorders—from the more common to the most complex. Our surgical solutions address everything from disease to conditions causing recurring and often life-altering pain.


Back pain is ranked second only to headaches as the most frequent cause of pain among Americans. Eighty percent of the population experiences a bout of back pain at some time in their lives, and while fortunately the vast majority recover with no medical or surgical intervention, for others, back problems can interfere with everyday life.


Spinal injuries and diseases are among the most complex ailments encountered in a medical practice. Many of our patients suffer from the broad range of disease processes that can affect the spine, including degenerative conditions such as lumbar and cervical disc diseases and rheumatoid arthritis, compression syndromes, spinal cord and vertebral tumors, spinal cord malformations, trauma and infections.

Such problems may be the result of disease, abnormal development from birth (congenital), from aging or “wear and tear” (degenerative), trauma from an injury, from infection from a tumor (neoplastic) or perhaps even related to other medical conditions.


At ANA, we are experienced in a complete range of services for the diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of patients with spine and peripheral nerve disorders. Our expertise includes neurosurgical evaluation and surgical solutions for neck and back pain, nerve compression syndromes, herniated intervertebral discs, and spinal cord compression syndromes.


Neurosurgeons were among the first experts to operate on the spine, and their experience has resulted in the evolution of spinal surgery. At ANA, we believe that our training and experience in handling the delicate issues of the brain enhances our ability to effectively perform surgery on the spine and the nerves that are involved.


Read this guide Back and Neck Pain: Frequently Asked Questions for more information.


Anatomy of the Spine

It is helpful to have a basic understanding of the anatomy and function of the spine. The spinal column is made up of 33 vertebrae that are separated by spongy discs. The spine is divided into distinct areas: cervical, thoracic, lumbar and sacral. Ligaments and muscles connect the bones together and keep them aligned. The spinal column provides the main support for the body, allowing a person to stand upright, bend, and twist. The many muscles that connect to the spine help support the upright posture and movement of the spine. The normal spine has an “S”-like curve when looking at it from the side. This allows for an even distribution of weight. The “S” curve helps a healthy spine withstand all types of stress.


The spinal, or vertebral, column holds and protects the spinal cord, which is a bundle of nerves that sends signals to other parts of the body. The spinal cord is a major part of the central nervous system. It carries sensory and movement signals to and from the brain and controls many reflexes. The spine reaches from the base of the skull to the coccyx (tail bone). The bones of the spine and a sac containing cerebrospinal fluid surround the spinal cord.

For more information about our Neuro-Spine Center, its specialists and any additional questions you may have please contact us at: (201) 457-0044.