Hydrocephalus is diagnosed through a neurological evaluation and by using cranial imaging techniques.
During a consultation, your physician will order the appropriate tests according to a physical exam, the patient’s age, and the suspected issues, such as whether it is communicating or non-communicating hydrocephalus.
It is common for additional tests to be ordered when Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus is suspected (usually seen in adults). We explain more in our article on the different types of hydrocephalus.
How Hydrocephalus Is Diagnosed
The following imaging techniques may be used to evaluate the possibility of hydrocephalus:
- Computed tomography (CT) scanning used to assess the size of cranial ventricles and other structures
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) used to assess the size of cranial ventricles and other structures
- MRI cine – a special MRI technique that estimates the flow of CSF from one ventricle to the next
- Ultrasonography to assess for hemorrhage or progression of infant hydrocephalus
Our physicians always discuss what each test is for and how they are performed, so you and your loved one know what to expect. You can book a consultation if you would like more information.